Learn more about establishing zoysia in clay soil. Before planting, make sure you have an irrigation plan to maintain consistent moisture for at least 6 weeks. The best way to control Bermuda grass is to pick up and remove clippings and spray or dig up individual plants. Belair is good for lawns in the transition zone and shady lawns in the deep south. Grass in shady, moist areas of the lawn grow much slower, so rust spores are able to infect blades of grass and spread to neighboring patches of grass. Most pests and diseases can be controlled before they do much damage. The only lawns where fescue might become a real problem is in areas where the winters are on the verge of being too cold for zoysia. Zoysia grass is known for its ability to stand up to heat, drought, heavy foot traffic and a variety of other challenges. Mow the lawn when it is over 2” tall, and mow it at least once before dormancy. These soils are usually a balance of different soil textures with a reasonable amount of organic matter. This will prevent spreading the fungus to the rest of the lawn. Reel mowers are the easiest tools to use on low-growing grasses, because they cut blades of grass, while rotary mowers can tear and pull grass and damage the crowns. As the climates become more humid, or the soils are more alkaline, zoysia becomes an increasingly more high-maintenance turf grass. A slow-release fertiliser works fine in delivering the medium quantity of nitrogen Zoysia turfs need. Cavalier has a moderate pest resistance, but its aggressive nature is able to choke out most weeds. Belair, also known as El Toro, is one of the most cold-hardy and shade-tolerant cultivars of Z. japonica. Dig up and remove as much plant material as possible; Bermuda can regenerate from tiny root segments left in the soil. This will ensure you have killed the grass, and it will give weed seeds time to germinate and be sprayed, which helps to eliminate weeds in the future. WEED CONTROL. Zeon has moderate shade and drought tolerance. You can do this by spraying a non-selective herbicide (not a pre-emergent) over your lawn at two-week increments after the lawn breaks dormancy. Spread a ¼”-½” layer of compost over the lawn and rake it into the holes left by the aerator. Option 4: Let the sod company sprig your lawn. Long story short, it holds more moisture in the ground when in drought situations to help the grass stay healthy, and it's relatively inexpensive, too. It has done wonderfully except that my dog and the neighbors dogs use it as a bathroom. It will green up as soon as you apply water. Be sure to mark gas lines, water lines, and electrical lines with spray paint or flags. However, if you mow every 10-14 days, you’re more likely to leave long grass clippings that don’t break down as quickly. Dense, carpetlike growth and outstanding drought tolerance make zoysia grass (Zoysia spp.) You can also use layers of cardboard or other solid materials that will block the sun. Large areas of zoysia grass or the entire lawn can be core aerified in late May or early June to help alleviate compaction and then plugged or sodded at the proper time (late May to early June in the St. Louis area). Spread sod over your lawn, making sure to cut away holes for your irrigation system and any access covers. If brown patch is severe and corrected maintenance practices are not helping, spray a fungicide to kill off the remaining spores. This allows the root system of the Zoysia to get oxygen and helps correct drainage problems. This turfgrass has a coarse texture and is extremely durable. Rye grass can’t survive the heat of summer and will be overtaken by your Zoysia. Empire must be propagated by sprig, plug, or sod. Preventing drought dormancy is one of the best ways to prevent weed infestations. The first step is to irrigate your lawn. Spray fescue during the spring before zoysia comes out of dormancy. Water conservation and a healthy, beautiful lawn aren't mutually exclusive. If you back off too soon, weed seeds will germinate in the bare patches of soil. It is less cold tolerant than Z. japonica, but it can be found as far north as Connecticut along the coast. Invasive – Zoysia grass is a very invasive grass. Diamond is one of the few turf grasses suitable for putting greens. The more cores you remove from the lawn, the more compost you can rake in later. It is a durable grass which can repair itself quickly and withstand heavy traffic. If you live in a dry climate, you will likely need to water once per week to prevent your lawn from going dormant. Care Of Established Zoysia Grass Lawns Diseases In Zoysia Varieties Some Zoysia varieties are subject to dollar spot, leaf spot, brown patch and rust. Clay soils must be aerated and topdressed for grass to be able to absorb nutrients; whether they are nutrients from compost or from synthetic fertilizers. You can use as many as 4 plugs per square foot or as few as 1 plug per square foot. Leaf spot is difficult to identify without close inspection of an infected leaf. Dig up patches of invasive grass or spot spray during active growth. With valid and proven claims of chinch bug-resistance and drought tolerance, even strict homeowner's associations like Haile Adding extra seed to an area will not help it fill in faster. Suddenly, this healthy low-water Zoysia ‘Zeon’ grass turned yellow, patchy and died in spots. Compost is a soil conditioner, so it improves the soil along with adding nutrition. You can also download a copy for free if you’d like: Healthy lawns have fewer pest and disease problems. These are one of the most common and frustrating lawn pests. 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