Samples were collected from captured and road-killed individuals as well as from feeding areas and pathways. Crested porcupine individuals usually reach adult weight at one to two years and are usually sexually mature just before then. Vor allem das Südafrikanische Stachelschwein kann eine maximale Körperlänge von über einem Meter bei einem Gewicht von 10 bis maximal 24 Kilogramm erreichen. The reasons for such pockets are unknown, however they do create enlarged areas of attachment for chewing muscles and could possibly allow the animal to smell underground bulbs during dry periods or wet dry inhaled air. Crested porcupine was present in Europe during Late Pleistocene. This is now officially my favourite part of Italy. However, at present this is not thought to be a major threat to the survival of the species. On the contrary, EMCV has rarely been isolated before from crested porcupine [12, 13]. They are, however, able to swim. The crested porcupine is terrestrial and lives and breeds in deep burrows and dens. This case describes an EMCV outbreak in captive Barbary macaques and crested porcupines in Italy, 5 years after the one reported in lemurs in another Italian open-field zoo park . Despite being strictly protected under international and domestic legislation in Europe, the crested porcupine is still illegally hunted and poached for meat, often with dogs. (Mammal Watching) Know your corvids: How to tell a […], Your email address will not be published. The crested porcupine current distribution outside Africa is limited to Sicily and the Italian Peninsula. www.mammalwatching.com | jon@mammalwatching.com | | Privacy Policy, or     Wikipedia. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. The crested porcupine is highly adaptable and can be found in forest, savanna, shrubland, grassland, rocky, and artificial terrestrial habitats. Crested porcupine in Munich Zoo Hellabrunn. Studied was the diet of crested porcupines by faecal analysis in a rural hilly area in central Italy. Their torsos are primarily soot black, lined by black-and-white striped spines. Fun Facts: Very social by nature, … Subtropical / Tropical Dry Savanna It is protected under Appendix II of the Bern Convention and is listed on Annex IV of the EU Habitats and Species Directive. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Evolution [ edit ] Fossils belonging to the genus Hystrix date back to … Quick facts. It has also been protected under Italian national law since 1974. If it is still alone tomorrow I will endeavour to rescue and rear it. PHYSICALITY | ETYMOLOGY | TAXONOMY | RANGE | BEHAVIOR | DIET | REPRODUCTION | ECOSYSTEM | STATUS | IMAGES | FAUNAFACTS | VIDEO | SOURCES. (2020a, February 14). It rarely attempts to climb trees but can swim. When these quills are vibrated, they produce a hiss-like rattle. Let's hope in a good expansion of this species. Masseti M., Albarella U. Status Least Concern. It has been recorded from sea level to 2,550 meters in Moroccan Anti Atlas. Rocky Areas Even the biggest cat tree would be too small for the prehensile porcupines. The crested porcupine’s scientific name is Hystrix cristata. Life Span 5 to 7 Years. Crested porcupine quills are often used as ornaments and talismans. Italy is the only European country where the crested porcupine live in the wild as naturalized specie (Coppola, Dari, Vecchio, Scarselli & Felicioli, In press, Santini, 1980). — The crested porcupine, Hystrix cristata L., 1758, in Italy.Anthropozoologica 45 (2): 27–42.. The crested porcupine lives in burrows, and can be found in North and West Africa, and parts of East Africa and the Mediterranean. In the Mediterranean, it is known from mainland Italy and the island of Sicily, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia; they are also recorded in Ghana, Libya and along the Egyptian coast. (1990). Captured at night on a Bushnell Trophy cam. Fossils belonging to the genus date back to the late Miocene of Africa. Since the 1970s, the crested porcupine Hystrix cristata has expanded its range into Northern regions in Italy, where it was historically absent, helped by climatic change, legal protection, and forest re-expansion. Crested porcupine in the Island of Elba, Italy: native or alien? Three weeks later I was enjoying a fabulous – a really fabulous – dinner that Eleanor prepared in her beautiful house, deep in a valley next to Penna San Giovanni. The species is very commonly sold in local markets. David was surprised I hadn’t seen any Boar, also common in the area, and they see Pine Martens from time to time. The crested porcupine has been extinct in heavily-settled parts of Uganda since the 1970’s and is believed to have recently gone extinct in the Balkans. I got there in the late afternoon and saw a couple of very tame Red Foxes on the road to the beach – the  Strada del Mare – from just north of Alberese. The crested porcupine is found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. The mounting behaviour of a pair of crested porcupine. When disturbed, they raise and fan the quills to create an illusion of greater size. There are long vibrissae on the head. Their long incisors never stop growing, and they gnaw on branches and tree trunks to file their teeth. This case describes an EMCV outbreak in captive Barbary macaques and crested porcupines in Italy, 5 years after the one reported in lemurs in another Italian open-field zoo park . Subtropical / Tropical Dry Crested porcupine was present in Europe during Late Pleistocene. In this paper the evidence for the introduction of the crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata L. 1758) in Italy is reviewed and hypotheses concerning the timing and modalities of this event arebrought forward. 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